"What would be your key message for COP 28?" "My key message for COP 28 is: Withdraw from the Paris Agreement."
The concept of freeing CO2 output at fixed levels based on prior output condemns most African countries to perennial poverty. The correlation between energy consumption and per capita GDP is compelling, and there’s no reason Africa should sacrifice its future so that whiny 1st world elites can protest global warming, then retreat to the comfort of their energy abundant lifestyles. China has already figured this out, as has India.
If developed nations are uncomfortable with ongoing global emissions, they can embrace nuclear power. By 2050, nuclear power will become ubiquitous and those bird/bat blender windmills will become Edsels. Solar will play a useful complimentary role, and geothermal will emerge as well. But hydrocarbons have a long remaining runway, and they make a lot of sense for Africa’s intermediate energy needs.
Wonderful presentation Alex!